What is the meaning of Photosynthesis and its importance for this world?

1 Answer

It is the process by which plants make food by which solar energy is trapped by auto tropic organism and converted into food for the rest of organisms. No other chemical process on earth can match the output by photosynthesis. It is interesting to note that only 0.2 percent of the light energy on earth is utilized by this process of photosynthesis.

Answer Image

Fossil fuels such as coal, petroleum, and natural gas are also product of photosynthetic organisms which lived million of years ago. Importantly it is the only natural process by which oxygen is liberated for use by other organisms.

Chemistry of photosynthesis:

Here is what happens during the process of photosynthesis

Answer Image

  • Light reaches the cells that contain chlorophyll.
  • The chlorophyll absorbs the light energy and changes it into chemical energy.
  • Water molecules in the cells break up. The oxygen from the water is set free.
  • The hydrogen from the water molecules combines with the carbon dioxide from the environment to form glucose a simple sugar.
  • The glucose molecule is held together by the chemical energy. In other words, the energy is trapped within the glucose molecule.

Importance of photosynthesis:

Photosynthesis is important for the world because it provides food and oxygen which are most important for human being and animals. Some of the glucose that plants produce during the process of photosynthesis is stored in fruits and roots. Thus we get apples, watermelons, potatoes and many more which are used in food. The oxygen produced during this process is released into the atmosphere. During the process carbon dioxide is also consumed which has bad effect on us. As such photosynthesis is very important for the world.

Related Questions
Top Writers