Recently, the severe dust storm and thunderstorm hit North Indian states including UP, Rajasthan, Haryana, Delhi and North Eastern states including Sikkim, West Bengal and some nearby states. It demolished the nature by causing electricity to fail, uprooting trees, destroying houses and killing livestock in a large number.
Strong winds along with rain have hit many other states as well and caused injuries to the human life. The actual numbers of death are around 150, while nearly 300 people are injured due to the storm.
Don’t you think its high time to save our nature and planet?? In India, the rate of these natural disasters is increasing every year. Nature is alarming us, and we need to wake up and take some action to save the future. But before going to the next step, let’s understand the Dust storm, causes, effects and how to deal with:
The Dust Storm:
A dust storm is a meteorological phenomenon or hazards, which results in heavy wind flow and sandstorm and thunderstorm. Sand and dust storms usually arise when strong winds lift and blow large amounts of sand and dust from bare, dry soils into the atmosphere. The sand particles travel by a process of saltation and suspension, where soil moves from one place and deposits it in another. It is highly common in arid and semi-arid regions.
- Saltation: Dust storms are triggered by the processes of saltation and suspension. The process involves the movement of soil from one place and deposits it in another by a strong wind moves over a dry and dusty area and thus blow with the wind to faraway places.
- Rising Temperature: According to India Meteorological Department or IMD, there is the addition of 1-3 degree Celsius to the temperature every year, which is a dangerous sign for the environment. The rising temperature results in increasing the intensity of storms, drought, flood, sand storms and other natural calamities.
- Climate Change: Climate changes are increasing the frequency of not only dust and sand storms but all kind of natural disasters.
- Poor Farming: Improper land use and farming practices decreasing the fertility of soils, which results in dry soil, promoting easy saltation.
- Thunderstorm: They also causes sandstorms because of strong pressure gradients associated with cyclones which deliver a high speed of wind which enhances the sandstorm process.
The increasing frequency and intensity of dust storms always release a negative impact on the health, environment, and economy as well. Compare to old years, dust storms are more frequent in nature now and the graph will rise every year as well.
- On Human Health/Economy: The exposure to dust storms can cause severe health issues and mainly trigger the lung and respiratory conditions which might result in lung cancer and respiratory disorders such as asthma, and pneumonia. The effects on eyes make it dry eyes and can reach to permanent blindness. The invisibility during storm leads to threatening accidents. Since it also causes the destruction of the house and other properties leave a negative effect on the human economy; soil erosion leads to low production of crops affects farmer’s economy as well.
- On the Environment and Society: Dust storm have a bad impact on agriculture, including reducing crop yields by burying seedlings, low fertility by removal of organic matter, loss of plant tissue, reducing photosynthetic activity and increasing soil erosion. This also affects the natural water resources like river, lake, pond and stream water quality. They deliver negative effects on covering transportation routes on road, air and water as well. Poor visibility conditions are a danger during aircraft landing and taking off. It also spoils the output of solar power system.
How to Survive a Dust storm?
- Cover your nose and mouth with a piece of cloth or mask
- Shield yourself from flying objects.
- Use airtight goggles to protect your eyes
- Immediately seek shelter in a solid and high point
- Camels are desert-friendly, so you can easily take shelter on its leeward side.
- Apply some petroleum jelly to the inside of your nostrils to prevent the dryness.
Back to the fact and according to the continuous announcements made by weather scientists, there are still more storms have to come, then the earthquake (recently hit Pakistan/Afghanistan) and the next is Cyclon.
All of this because of???? Now, after knowing all the facts, please share your thoughts/opinions on the same and what could be your initiative towards the disasters?? Can you suggest at least one??