Tobacco was first grown in America in 6,000 B.C. It was first discovered by native people of Mesoamerica and South America. They cultivated plant and used for smoking it in pipes for medicinal and ceremonial purposes.
In October 1492, Christopher Columbus was gifted with dried tobacco leaves by Native Americans (Arawaks), when he and his men landed on the beach of San Salvador Island in the Bahamas. Later, sailors brought tobacco back to Europe and plants were grown all over Europe and it became popular. Various studies where done on tobacco properties from different country peoples thereon.
In 1609, John Rolfe English Colonist became the first settler to successfully raise tobacco for commercial use in Jamestown at Virginia in America. It then became the most successful cash crop and had begun to guarantee their future. Encouragement for the tobacco industry in America was Jamestown. Exports increased steadily and demand increased more quickly all over for tobacco.
Tobacco is produced from leaves of tobacco plant by curing them. Tobacco consists of alkaloid nicotine. Nicotine is responsible for narcotic and soothing qualities. Dried Leaves of tobacco are used mainly for smoking, cigars, cigarettes, snuff etc.
It was used in many different ways such as in religious and medicinal practices.
Spanish Chronicler of the Indies, Hernandez de Bancalo was first European to bring seeds of tobacco on orders of King Philip II of Spain in 1559.The seeds were planted on the outskirts of Toledo.
Tobacco farming and curing are labor intensive. Increase in tobacco as farm crop led to an increase in trade slave also.