Takshasila (in modern-day Pakistan) was the untimely recorded center of higher learning in India from perhaps 8th Century BCE, and it is disputable whether it could be considered as a university or not in the modern sense as teachers living there may not have had official representatives of particular colleges. Moreover, no clues of the existence of lecture halls and residential quarters in Taxila were found. Chanakya, a Brahmin teacher, was among the most famous teachers used to teach various subjects here.
It was the former university-system of education in the world in the modern sense of university. All subjects were taught in Ariano -páli Language in Nalanda. Secular institutions were opened along Buddhist monasteries. These institutions communicated practical education, e.g. medicine. A number of urban learning centers became progressively visible from the period between 500 BCE to 400 CE.
The main urban centers of learning were Nalanda in modern-day Bihar and Manassa in Nagpur among others. These institutions comprehensively transmitted knowledge and tempted a number of foreign students to study topics such as Buddhist Páli literature, logic, páli grammar, etc.
Later Brahmin gurus provided education by means of donations or gifts, rather than charging a fee or the obtaining something from students.