People mostly get confused with this word, Taxonomy. While it is nothing but the arrangement of biological species with some laws. Every living organism needs a name or classification to which they belong to and this is where taxonomy plays a role. It provides the naming, species and complete identification of the newly found organism.
Taxonomy can be elaborately defined as the science of arrangement, defining and naming of plants and animals on the basis of principles, rules, their shared characteristics and some procedure. Taxonomy comes with mainly three levels called alpha, beta, and gamma taxonomy.
Carolus Linnaeus is known as Father of Taxonomy. And, both Alpha and Beta come under the process of Taxonomy.
This is the very initial phase of taxonomic activity which involves identification, naming, and characterization of biological species. It is also known as classical taxonomy and parent of other taxonomy. The newly discovered species can be named during this phase.
The Beta level is the second stage of the activity and involves the morphology and arrangement of these species into further biological categories of same species. The division of different species into their group of relatives. β-taxonomy relates to the search for a natural system of classification.
In other words, Alpha taxonomy can be said as the alphabet of biology while Beta taxonomy is the grammar of biology. And together these two creates the relational link between the different biological species.
There is one another level of taxonomy knows as Gamma Taxonomy, which rarely involves in the taxonomy process. This mainly designates the analysis of variations and evolutionary studies. It is not common for all species but is limited.
Taxonomy is a branch of science that encompasses the description, identification, nomenclature, and classification of organisms.There are three levels of taxonomy which has been introduced to make classification easy and understandable. These three levels are Alpha, Beta and Gamma Taxonomy: