What do you know about Genghis Khan?


Genghis khan was the greatest warrior who defeated the individual tribe of Northeast Asia and established the largest empire in the world i.e. Mongol Empire. He was born as Temujin after the name of the chieftain who his father had captured. Genghis was born around 1162  in Central Mongolia along the river Onon and came to the world holding a blood clot in his right hand which foretells he will be a warrior one day.

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He never let anyone make his sculptures or portraits so considering an account of his looks historians contradict that he was tall and had a strong physique, his eyes were green and hairs were red and had a long beard. 

From the early age, only he faced harsh realities of life. When he was 9, his father was poisoned to death by rival Tatars and his tribe leaves her mother alone with 7 children. He grew up doing hunting as the family was trapped to starvation. when he was only ten years old he killed his half-brother over the dispute of food. At the age of fifteen, he was captured by neighboring tribe but managed to escape with the help of guard which gave him the reputation in his tribe. At the age of 16, he married to Borte and had many wives after her and had 4 sons: Jochi, Chagatai, Ogedei, Tolui.  

He was the first ruler who established the most professional army and was known as “The Great Khan”.

Since teenage, he had an intent to unite all the tribes into one and wants to hold the possession and rule under his made laws and luckily he was successful in building the largest empire in the world at that time conquering from Pacific ocean till Eastern Europe. He was the first ruler who encouraged literacy and gave his people freedom of religion and offer tax exemption to places where people worship. He was a religious warrior and had a strong belief in spirituality. He used to pray day to night several days before important any operations or campaigns. He had frequent meetings with other religious leaders to know more about other religions.

He gave opportunities to other kingdoms to engage to Mongol rule peacefully. If they hesitate he left no stone unturned to thrash them. In 1219, Shah of Khwarezmid broke the treaty with Mongols. He offered Shah an agreement to exchange goods through Silk road but when his ministers were murdered he unleashed the Mongols army ruthlessly towards Khwarezmid empire in which millions of people were killed. 

Historians told that he was responsible for reducing the population of the world by 11 %. Historians estimated his death around 1227 and the cause of the death is still not revealed. Some say it was due to injuries caused due to fall from a horse other says he was murdered by a Chinese princess as he tried to rape her but his death is still unknown. 

Over his request, his grave was concealed by repeatedly horses rode on it and he also requested to divert a river through his grave as to never get disturbed. He was buried in an unknown grave and place of his grave isn't known yet.

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