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What do you know about Genghis Khan?

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zainab

Genghis khan was the greatest warrior who defeated the individual tribe of Northeast Asia and established the largest empire in the world i.e. Mongol Empire. He was born as Temujin after the name of the chieftain who his father had captured. Genghis was born around 1162  in Central Mongolia along the river Onon and came to the world holding a blood clot in his right hand which foretells he will be a warrior one day.




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He never let anyone make his sculptures or portraits so considering an account of his looks historians contradict that he was tall and had a strong physique, his eyes were green and hairs were red and had a long beard. 



From the early age, only he faced harsh realities of life. When he was 9, his father was poisoned to death by rival Tatars and his tribe leaves her mother alone with 7 children. He grew up doing hunting as the family was trapped to starvation. when he was only ten years old he killed his half-brother over the dispute of food. At the age of fifteen, he was captured by neighboring tribe but managed to escape with the help of guard which gave him the reputation in his tribe. At the age of 16, he married to Borte and had many wives after her and had 4 sons: Jochi, Chagatai, Ogedei, Tolui.  


He was the first ruler who established the most professional army and was known as “The Great Khan”.



Since teenage, he had an intent to unite all the tribes into one and wants to hold the possession and rule under his made laws and luckily he was successful in building the largest empire in the world at that time conquering from Pacific ocean till Eastern Europe. He was the first ruler who encouraged literacy and gave his people freedom of religion and offer tax exemption to places where people worship. He was a religious warrior and had a strong belief in spirituality. He used to pray day to night several days before important any operations or campaigns. He had frequent meetings with other religious leaders to know more about other religions.



He gave opportunities to other kingdoms to engage to Mongol rule peacefully. If they hesitate he left no stone unturned to thrash them. In 1219, Shah of Khwarezmid broke the treaty with Mongols. He offered Shah an agreement to exchange goods through Silk road but when his ministers were murdered he unleashed the Mongols army ruthlessly towards Khwarezmid empire in which millions of people were killed. 



Historians told that he was responsible for reducing the population of the world by 11 %. Historians estimated his death around 1227 and the cause of the death is still not revealed. Some say it was due to injuries caused due to fall from a horse other says he was murdered by a Chinese princess as he tried to rape her but his death is still unknown. 



Over his request, his grave was concealed by repeatedly horses rode on it and he also requested to divert a river through his grave as to never get disturbed. He was buried in an unknown grave and place of his grave isn't known yet.

Sree

No life in history contrasts such a great amount in its start and its end as that of Temujin, or Genghis Khan. When he was conceived, in around 1167, the Mongols were just a single among numerous migrant tribes contending in the eastern steppes. The kid's father, chieftain of a little group, is harmed when Temujin is eight. 


The man who turned into the "Incomparable Khan" of the Mongols was conceived along the banks of the Onon River at some point around 1162 and initially named Temujin, which signifies "of iron" or "smithy." He didn't get the honorific name "Genghis Kahn" until 1206 when he was declared pioneer of the Mongols at a tribal meeting known as a "kurultai." While "Khan" is a conventional title signifying "pioneer" or "ruler," history specialists are still uncertain of the beginnings of "Genghis." It might have may have signified "sea" or "only," however in setting it is generally deciphered as "preeminent ruler" or "widespread ruler."


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The Great Khan had a sharp eye for ability, and he, for the most part, advanced his officers on aptitude and experience instead of class, family or even past infidelities. One well-known case of this faith in meritocracy came amid a 1201 fight against the adversary Taijut tribe when Genghis was almost murdered after his steed was shot out from under him with a bolt. When he later tended to the Taijut detainees and requested to know who was mindful, one warrior fearlessly stood up and confessed to being the shooter. 


Mixed by the bowman's strength, Genghis made him an officer in his armed force and later nicknamed him "Jebe," or "bolt," to pay tribute to their initially meeting on the war zone. Alongside the renowned worldwide general Subutai, Jebe would go ahead to wind up distinctly one of the Mongols' most noteworthy field administrators amid their triumphs in Asia and Europe.


It's difficult to know for beyond any doubt what number of individuals died amid the Mongol victories, numerous students of history put the number at some place around 40 million. Censuses from the Middle Ages demonstrate that the number of inhabitants in China plunged by several million amid the Khan's lifetime, and researchers appraise that he may have killed an entire three-fourths of advanced Iran's populace amid his war with the Khwarezmid Empire. 


On the whole, the Mongols' assaults may have diminished the whole total populace by as much as 11 percent.

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