Genetically modified foods (GM foods) are also called genetically engineered foods. GM foods are prepared by changing the natural DNA of the food by using the method of genetic engineering. This process changes the pattern of growth or original content of the food and controls the natural traits of the food by adding newly selected traits into the food.
The technology used to modify the natural DNA structure of the food is known by various names such as modern biotechnology, gene technology, genetic engineering or recombinant DNA technology. GM foods are part of the genetically modified organism which includes genetic changes in the plants, animals, and microorganisms.
The first time the GM plant was introduced in the year 1983, which was a tobacco plant. It was produced by adding antibiotic-resistant genes. The first GM food was a tomato which got the approval in 1994. The first country which came up with commercializing the GM food was China, by introducing tobacco having virus resistant traits.
The use of GM food has always been a matter of concern. In a few countries, it has been legalized but there are some countries which are doubtful about the agricultural use of genetic engineering.
As the consensus of scientists, the GM food available as of now is safe for human health. To be on the safe side, the food which has to be approved should be first tested. Let’s look at the pros and cons of GM food to get a clear idea what the concern is all about.
Pros of GM food:
Cons of GM food:
GM food has a long way to go. It needs technological advancement and has to attain the trust of people.
Different people have different perceptions about genetically modified food, commonly referred to as GMO’s. While some think that, they are beneficial as they increase the resistivity of the crop against natural calamities making food available to a larger mass of people, some are under the impression that they can cause sudden deaths due to modification in the internal cell structure or tumor growth in the body.
Listed below are some of the advantages and disadvantages of GMO’s.
Benefits of GMO’s:
Disadvantages of GMO’s:
Do you know, the food you eat nowadays can be a genetically modified(GM) food. Genetically modified foods are made from soy, corn, or other crops which are grown from the seeds with the genetically engineered DNA.Genetically modified foods can have their part in your snacks.
Do GM foods are healthy or they are just ruining your health? It is a question of debate. Mostly people are in the favor of GM foods but some are against it.
Here are some pros and cons of genetically modified food.
So, these are the pros and cons on the genetically modified food. There is no clear statement about the GM food. The debates carry on, till now.
More research is needed in this field. Many claims are just anecdotal evidence which doesn't lead to give an emphatic answer about the use of GM foods. The European Commission has mandated the labeling of GM food, but in USA there is no such rule. So next time, when you go to purchase your food, ask, is it GM food or normal food.