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What are STDs and how to avoid it?

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Prachi

The sexually transmitted disease (STD) is an infection that is transmitted through unprotected sexual activity during sexual contact with another person. This can include vaginal, anal or oral sex, sometimes skin-to-skin contact as well. 

It can be spread through intravenous (IV) drug use and can also be carried to the unborn child during pregnancy. This disease can cause damage to the body and can be result into death.

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Symptoms of STD generally starts after few months and are similar to flu. It includes:

  • Fever and chills
  • A red rash and sore throat
  • Joint pain and muscle ache
  • Sweats (particularly at night)
  • Enlarged glands
  • Weakness and tiredness
  • Weight loss

To prevent the sexually transmitted disease, or STD, always avoid sex with someone who has infections like genital sores, a rash, discharge, or other symptoms. The unprotected sex can be assumed safe, when you and your partner have sex with each other. If this is not the case, please follow the below rules:

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  • Use a good condom every time you have sex. Though, they are not 100% effective at preventing disease or pregnancy but can be fruitful, if used properly.
  • Do not share your private cloths and towels with others.
  • Limit your sexual partner.
  • Wash properly before and after the intercourse.
  • Get the vaccination for hepatitis B.
  • Go regular check-ups for HIV and encourage your partner to do the same.
  • Get tested for HIV.
  • Avoid alcohol and drugs before having sex.
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