How is a cyclone formed?

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A tropical cyclone is a storm system that is characterized by a low-pressure center that produces strong winds and heavy rain. A tropical cyclone feeds on heat released by the condensation of moist air. The latent heat gets converted into kinetic energy and feeds the strong winds emerging out of it. Because of its warm center, it’s often called a warm core storm system.

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Cyclonic storms have a counterclockwise rotation in the Northern hemisphere and clockwise rotation in the Southern Hemisphere. Developed over warm water bodies, like oceans and seas, they lose their strength once they move over land. Apart from their devastating nature, they help in the global atmospheric circulation mechanism by carrying heat and energy away from the tropics towards temperate latitudes.

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